Scope & career opportunities
Environmental science has a vast scope in terms of the various objectives as it covers a wide range of subject matters that helps in saving the environment. Environmental science has been considered to be associated with a number of career opportunities. Major career options related to the subject can be described as follows:
Industries: Industries need to show compliance against a number of environmental norms. Hence, environmental experts are needed to guide the industries for adopting clean technologies, controlling pollution, disposing the wastes in proper way, and carrying out environmental audit.
Consultancy: Environment consultancies are hired by governments, industries, and NGOs for carrying out different types of laboratory-based analyses or field-based studies, which are often, required in environmental impact assessment (EIA) and other compliance processes.
Research and development (R&D): R&D opportunities in this area include studying pollution control (air, soil & water), climate change, clean energy, urbanization, Land use land cover, agricultural ecology and marine environment etc. Scientists, researchers, and analysts are some of the common career profiles.
Academics: Environmental science is taught at almost every level of education, that is, from school to university level. A large number of teachers or academicians are required to fulfill this need. Many national & International organizations offer handsome amount of scholarships for the students of environmental sciences to pursue their higher education from well-known and high ranking institutes of the world
Green marketing & media: Skilled manpower is required to promote ecofriendly products in market. Environmental quality certifications like ISO-14000 are also being incorporated in marketing strategy. In order to generate awareness about the environment, there is an immense need for skilled environmental manpower in the field of print and electronic media.
Green advocacy: Environmental lawyers are emerging as major players in ensuring proper implementation of environmental norms, laws, and programs. Public Interest Litigation (PIL) empowers a common man to fight against any anti-environment activity.
International opportunities: Various international agencies such as UNEP, IUCN, TSBF, and World Bank require qualified human resources to implement environment-related projects.
Environmental Science is a degree with excellent career prospects, both in government and private sectors. This degree provide you with excellent employment areas like….
- Ministry of Environment (MoE)
- Ministry of Climate Change (MCC)
- Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- Environmental Protection Department (EPD)
- Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA)
- Nature Conservation Organizations (NCOs)
- Various international agencies such as UNEP, IUCN, TSBF, and World Bank
- Research and Development (R&D)
- Water Authority and Urban Planning
- Environmental Monitoring Organizations
- Biodiversity Conservation Department
- Environmental consultancies
- Air pollution management wing
- NGOs working on environmental resources and environmental issues
- Industries (Food processing, Refineries, Distilleries and Fertilizer plants etc.)
- Colleagues, Universities and Research centers
- Print and electronic media (Environmental journalist)
With job titles
- Environmental Scientist
- Environmental Consultant
- Environmental Manager
- Environmental Lawyer
- Nature conservation officer
- Environmental education officer, Professor/Lecturer
- Sustainability consultant
- Hydrologist/Water quality scientist
- Biodiversity/Wildlife Conservator
- Waste management officer